The Ryots form long queues – The Hindu
Misconception about the deadline for applying urea triggering the rush, says agricultural official
With the unprecedented shortage of urea, farmers form winding lines past the offices of primary agricultural cooperative societies and also private dealers in hopes of securing at least one bag of fertilizer. They spend long hours in queues as the time of applying fertilizer to growing rice crops runs out quickly. Police are on guard to ensure there are no protests.
Unable to queue for hours together, some farmers wait in the shade of trees or buildings, queuing their shoes or land documents. Due to the lack of fertilizer, the authorities limited the supply to two bags per person. However, farmers are willing to buy urea at a higher price on the open market as long as it is available. Some farmers are rushing to the border districts to try their luck.
There is a sudden increase in demand for urea as paddy transplanting has taken place in large areas due to the current month’s rains with the rain skipping school in June and July. Amidst the high demand, only 1,700 tonnes of urea arrived in the district on Thursday. Officials struggled to distribute it as the PACS was overrun by large numbers of farmers, including women farmers.
The old integrated district requires a total of 1.05 lakh ton of urea and by the end of this month Nizamabad is expected to get 54,000 tons while Kamareddy 32,000 MT. However, the former got 36,000 MT with a shortfall of 18,000 MT while the latter 27,000 MT with a shortfall of 5,000 MT until Friday. Both districts expect three to five fertilizer rakes to arrive by September 1.
Kamareddy Nagendraiah district agricultural officer said farmers rushed for fertilizer under the mistaken belief that the yield would not be high if the fertilizer was not applied at that time. In fact, it wouldn’t affect even if used three to four days late.
“Therefore, we are educating farmers on the use of urea,” he said.
“We placed a setback for 6,600 MT and three rakes from KRIBHCO and IPL would arrive on September 1st. Farmers used urea for corn with continuous showers earlier in the month, resulting in a shortage. However, the corn has become strong now, ”he added.
According to Mr. Govind, district agriculture manager, Nizamabad, the shortage has become a common occurrence throughout the state as there is a delay in sanctioning the Center. Overall, there is a short drop of 2 tonnes of urea lakh in the state. This situation arose because there has been no rain for the past two months and farmers have overrun the PACS with continued rains in August.
On top of that, compared to the normal 1.86 lakh acres where paddy is transplanted each year this year, farmers have sown paddy in 2.36 lakh acres, he said, expressing l hope that the shortage can be filled in the coming days.